3:42pm

Sun January 20, 2013
It's All Politics

Inaugural Trivia Quiz

Originally published on Mon January 21, 2013 6:51 am

See what you know about the wonkier points of the quadrennial festivities. Scroll to the page bottom for answers and explanations.

1) The Constitution says that a presidency ends and a new one begins on:

a) Jan. 20
b) Jan. 21
c) The third Monday in January following an election
d) It doesn't specify

2) How many presidents have chosen to affirm (rather than swear) to "faithfully execute the office ... "?

a) None
b) One
c) Two
d) Three

3) In which state has a president NOT been sworn in?

a) Vermont
b) New York
c) Texas
d) Virginia

4) On what date have most presidents been sworn in?

a) Jan. 20
b) Jan. 21
c) March 4
d) July 4

5) The shortest inaugural address was George Washington's second in 1793 at 135 words. Whose was the longest?

a) William Henry Harrison's in 1841
b) Theodore Roosevelt's in 1905
c) Bill Clinton's first in 1993
d) Bill Clinton's second in 1997

6) Where do the words "so help me God" appear in the Constitution?

a) Article I, Section 2
b) Article 2, Section 1
c) 20th Amendment
d) They don't

7) President Obama had an oath do-over in 2009. How many times had that happened before?

a) Never
b) Once
c) Twice
d) Three times

8) Who organized the first inaugural ball?

a) Hillary Clinton
b) Eleanor Roosevelt
c) Mary Todd Lincoln
d) Dolly Madison

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Answers:

1) The Constitution says that a presidency ends and a new one begins on: Jan. 20.

The 20th Amendment, ratified in 1933, states that the vice presidential and presidential term "shall end at noon on the 20th day of January ... and the terms of their successors shall then begin."

2) How many presidents have chosen to affirm (rather than swear) to "faithfully execute the office ... "?

One, Franklin Pierce, in 1853, for religious reasons.

3) In which state has a president NOT been sworn in?

The correct answer is Virginia.

The first inauguration was in New York City.

While most swearing-ins have been in Washington, D.C., eight times the vice president took the oath of office as chief executive after the death of a president. Several of those were in other states.

On Aug. 23, 1923, Calvin Coolidge was sworn in as president at his family's homestead in Plymouth, Vt., after the death of Warren Harding.

On Nov. 22, 1963, aboard Air Force One on the tarmac at Love Field in Dallas, Lyndon Johnson was sworn in after the assassination of John F. Kennedy.

4) On what date have most presidents been sworn in?

Most of the nation's presidents were sworn in on March 4. The 20th Amendment, ratified in 1933, switched the official date to Jan. 20.

Franklin D. Roosevelt was the last president inaugurated on March 4, in 1933. He also was the first sworn in on Jan. 20, in 1937.

5) The shortest inaugural address was George Washington's second in 1793, at 135 words. Whose was the longest?

William Henry Harrison's in 1841.

Harrison was sworn in as the nation's 14th president on March 4, 1841. His speech, at 8,445 words, is the longest ever delivered at the occasion. While the Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies says the estimated temperature was 48 degrees, the speech was delivered in overcast conditions with a cold wind. Harrison died of pneumonia after a month in office "believed to have been brought on by prolonged exposure to bad weather" during the inauguration, the committee says.

6) Where do the words "so help me God" appear in the Constitution?

They don't. While the words "so help me God" do not appear in the oath as mandated by the Constitution, Chester Arthur included them at the end of his oath in September 1881 after the assassination of President James Garfield. It has been custom ever since.

Article II, Section I of the Constitution includes this: "Before he enter on the execution of his office, he shall take the following oath or affirmation: — 'I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.' "

7) President Obama had a do-over in 2009. How many times had that happened before?

Before 2009, oaths had been redone twice, in both cases after the ascension of the vice president upon the death of the president, and both times because of questions about the validity of the original oath. It happened for Chester Arthur in 1881, after the assassination of James Garfield, and for Coolidge in 1923, after the death of Harding, who died of an apparent stroke.

8) Who organized the first inaugural ball?

Dolly Madison, the wife of President James Madison, organized the first inaugural ball in 1809 as Madison began his first term.

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